Quick Answer: What Is A Functional Group Quizlet?

What are the major functional groups?

Each type of organic molecule has its own specific type of functional group.

Functional groups in biological molecules play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids.

Functional groups include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl..

What are the 8 functional groups?

Some of the important functional groups in biological molecules are shown above; they include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl (R-S-H). These groups play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids.

What does functional group mean?

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that may be responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules. … Functional groups are groups of one or more atoms of distinctive chemical properties no matter what they are attached to.

What are the functional groups in biology?

Properties of Functional Groups Some of the important functional groups in biological molecules include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl groups. These groups play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids.

What are the 7 functional groups?

Some of the important functional groups in biological molecules include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl groups. These groups play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids.

Is amide a functional group?

amide group, a functional group –C(=O)N= consisting of a carbonyl adjacent to a nitrogen atom.

Is alkyl a functional group?

An alkyl is a functional group of an organic chemical that contains only carbon and hydrogen atoms, which are arranged in a chain. Examples include methyl CH3 (derived from methane) and butyl C2H5 (derived from butane). They are not found on their own but are found attached to other hydrocarbons.

What is the function of a functional group?

In organic chemistry, a functional group is a specific group of atoms or bonds within a compound that is responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of that compound. The same functional group will behave in a similar fashion, by undergoing similar reactions, regardless of the compound of which it is a part.

What are the examples of functional group?

Examples of functional groups include the hydroxyl group, ketone group, amine group, and ether group.Hydroxyl Functional Group. … Aldehyde Functional Group. … Ketone Functional Group. … Amine Functional Group. … Amino Functional Group. … Amide Functional Group. … Ether Functional Group. … Ester Functional Group.More items…•

What is an alcohol functional group?

Alcohol is an homologous series in which the compounds contain a functional group called the hydroxyl group (-OH). The general molecular formula for alcohols is CnH2n+1OH. … The hydroxyl group is also responsible for imparting certain chemical and/or physical properties to the compound.

What is the name of the functional group Oh?

hydroxyl groupQuestion: What Is the OH Functional Group Called? Answer: The -OH functional group is the hydroxyl group. OH is an alcohol consisting of an oxygen atom bonded to a hydrogen atom. When this functional group appears in a molecule, the prefix used is “hydroxy”.