Quick Answer: What Is The Most Non Contagious Disease In The World?

What is control of non communicable disease?

Reducing the major risk factors for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) – tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and the harmful use of alcohol – is the focus of WHO’s work to prevent deaths from NCDs..

Is obesity a non communicable diseases?

obesity is associated with an elevated risk of several major non-communicable diseases, including type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, asthma, and several cancers.

Who are at risk of NCDs?

No matter what age you are, male or female, itaukei or Fijian of Indian descent, you are vulnerable to NCDs. If you live an unhealthy lifestyle, you are increasing your risk. We make unhealthy choices that are detrimental to our health.

What are the 4 main types of NCDs?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

What are five infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases can be any of the following:Chickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E. coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items…

What are the six killer diseases?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

What are the most common communicable diseases?

List of Communicable DiseasesMeasles.MRSA.Pertussis.Rabies.Sexually Transmitted Disease.Shigellosis.Tuberculosis.West Nile Virus. Zika.More items…

How do you prevent NCDs?

Many NCDs can be prevented by addressing diet, physical activity, tobacco and alcohol use and making the places we live in health promoting.

What percentage of diseases are lifestyle related?

Among U.S. adults, more than 90 percent of type 2 diabetes, 80 percent of CAD, 70 percent of stroke, and 70 percent of colon cancer are potentially preventable by a combination of nonsmoking, avoidance of overweight, moderate physical activity, healthy diet, and moderate alcohol consumption (Willett 2002).

What are the top 3 non communicable diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

What are 5 non infectious diseases?

Examples of NCDs include:Alzheimer’s.Asthma.Cataracts.Chronic Kidney Disease.Chronic Lung Disease.Diabetes.Fibromyalgia.Heart Disease.More items…•

How do non communicable diseases affect the world?

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of death and disability globally, killing more than three in five people worldwide and responsible for more than half of the global burden of disease. NCDs cause and perpetuate poverty while hindering economic development in low- and middle-income countries.

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.

Which disease is non infectious?

A disease that is not contagious is called a noninfectious disease. These diseases are not caused by pathogens. Instead, they are likely to have causes such as lifestyle factors, environmental toxins, or gene mutations. Common types of noninfectious diseases include cancer, diabetes, and immune system diseases.

Is asthma a non infectious disease?

Asthma is a chronic, inflammatory, non-infectious lung disease characterized by recurrent breathing problems. During normal breathing, air flows freely in and out of the lungs.